ReForm intends to investigate resource-related transformations on a theoretical and empirical level. In doing so, we start from a “theory of practice” approach that helps to analyse the development of societal institutions and their economic action, but furthermore incorporates the current discourses of materiality and embodiment. Our scientific approach is to consider materialised resources as affordances for individuals and societies and to integrate their potential role in transformative processes.
Such a multidisciplinary discourse allows us to embed different theoretical and empirical studies into a broader and new field of research on resource-related transformations. This holistic idea of ReForm requires different levels of research, perhaps best described as micro, meso and macro.
The appropriation of resources is a main issue in the history of humankind. The development of technology is based on cultural factors. Societal needs and desires regulate and inspire what kinds of resources are acquired
or ignored. These access-patterns are embedded in landscapes where raw-materials are collected or exploited. Acting with resources discloses therefore individual or societal intentions and additional strategies and concepts of how to achieve a desired yield. These crafts can be described by often specialized workflows
(chaîne opératoires), which allow us to see the entanglement of specific experiences, discoursive and embodied “knowledges” of the human actor.