| Stöllner, Thomas: Materialized Practices of Knowledge-Networks of Mining: From the Theoretical Level to its Empirical Consequences in Mining Archaeology. In: Farrenkopf, Michael; Siemer, Stefan (Hrsg.): Materielle Kulturen des Bergbaus. Entangled Connections: Material Cultures of Mining. Zugänge, Aspekte und Beispiele. Approaches, Aspects and Examples., Bd. 243, S. 317-344, Berlin: De Gruyter, 2022. (Typ: Buchkapitel | | | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Aufsatz, Bergbau, Montanarchäologie)|
Die neuere Montangeschichte beschäftigt sich nach wie vor überwiegend mit archivalischen und schriftlich basierten Quellen. Das Potential der in musealen Sammlungen verfügbaren Objekte für die historische Forschung ist dennoch bislang kaum ausgelotet. Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Bandes stellen einzelne Objekte oder Objektgruppen in den Mittelpunkt der Diskussion. Dabei geht es um technische Modelle als Wissensobjekte ebenso wie um Bergbaukleidung als Alltagsobjekt oder Fahnen als Gedächtnisobjekte. Hinzu kommt die Reflexion über archäologische Funde und ihre Relevanz für eine Kontextualisierung von Bergbauobjekten jenseits überlieferter Schriftquellen. Das Buch richtet sich im engeren Sinne an Forschende auf dem Gebiet der Montan- und Technikgeschichte sowie allgemein an diejenigen, die sich mit einer materiell basierten Erinnerungskultur beschäftigen.
|von Rüden, Constance: Making Landscape. Exploring a Praxeological Approach to Landscape Archaeology. In: Kienlin, Tobias; Bußmann, Richard (Hrsg.): Sociality – Materiality – Practice, Bonn: Habelt, 2022, ISBN: 978-3-7749-4344-5. (Typ: Buchkapitel | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Aufsatz, Landschaft, Praxeologie)|
| Marro, Catherine; Stöllner, Thomas (Hrsg.): On salt, copper and gold. the origins of early mining and metallurgy in the Caucasus. Lyon: MOM Éditions, 2021, ISBN: 9782356681683. (Typ: Sammelband | | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Bergbau, Konferenz, Metalle)|
An international conference focused on the beginnings of mining and metallurgy in the Caucasus was organised in Tbilisi in June 16th-19th 2016 under the auspices of the National Museum of Georgia. This conference, which was funded by the Agence nationale de la recherche (France) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany), aimed at discussing the intricate relationships between the emergence of mining and metallurgy, and the shaping of late prehistoric societies in south-western Asia. The Caucasus is renowned in Near Eastern archaeology for its wealth in natural resources, in particular in metal ores: for decades, scholars have surmised a specific causal relationships between the rise of complex, hierarchical societies in the Near‐East and the development of extractive metallurgy. Metallurgy, however, is only the most visible part of the story that accounts for the dramatic changes perceptible in south‐western Asia in the course of the 5th millennium BCE. Early mining, which is not restricted to metal-ore mining, certainly also had an impact in terms of economic networks, social dynamics, settlement patterns and regional integration, not only across the Caucasus, but also in the ancient Near and Middle East. Drawing on these fundamental questions, this book explores the socio-economic, technological and environmental background that favoured the rise of systematic mining and extractive metallurgy in the Caucasus at the end of the Chalcolithic. How far was early mining linked to the spread of specific subsistence strategies such as pastoral herding? Were mined resources mainly intended for local consumption or distributed throughout the Near East, towards Anatolia, Iran or Mesopotamia? Here are some of the issues that are discussed in the present volume, which contains 21 articles written by some of the most eminent specialists in Caucasian archaeology.
| Skowronek, Tobias; Hauptmann, Andreas; von Rüden, Constance: Using spinel chemistry to characterise archaeological steatite found in the wall paintings of Tell el-Dab´a, Egypt. In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Bd. 117, S. 105-137, 2021. (Typ: Artikel | | | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Journal)|
In the Aegean-type wall paintings of Tell el-Dabca, Egypt, steatite was used as a constituent of the white colour. Previous research has revealed that the use of talc as a pigment can be considered as an important marker of Aegean craft traditions. In this case study it is therefore of primary importance to trace back the origin of this particular mineral and rock, especially since it can be found in several locations in the Mediterranean including Egypt, Crete and Cyprus. While there is still no generally valid strategy to assign archaeological objects made from this particular material to a specific steatite deposit, the physio-chemical characterisation of the latter mostly relies on the measurement of Rare Earth Elements (REE's) or other methods focusing on the chemical composition of the whole rock. In this paper, a new way to determine steatite origin is presented using electron microprobe characterisation of spinels inside the steatite matrix. Those tracer minerals can not only be the source of information concerning the formation of steatite but their core composition can in some cases also reflect the primary composition of the precursor ultramafic rock. This method focuses on the geotectonical history and genesis of the protolith rather than on steatite's chemical composition. The results reveal the spinels to have similar characteristics to those of supra-subduction ophiolites in the Egyptian Central Eastern Desert. We suggest a correlation between gold and steatite exploitation and thus the use of local raw materials for the creation of the Aegean-type paintings.
| Stöllner, Thomas: Long-Term Salt Mining in Chehrābād: Resilient Strategies in Accessing Mineral Resources at the Iranian Highlands. In collaboration with A. Aali. In: Abar, Aydin; D’Anna, Maria Bianca; Cyrus, Georg; Egbers, Vera; Huber, Barbara; Kainert, Christine; Köhler, Johannes; Ögüt, Birgül; Rol, Nolwen; Russo, Giulia; Schönicke, Julia; Tourtet, Francelin (Hrsg.): Pearls, Politics and Pistachios: Essays in Anthropology and Memories on the Occasion of Susan Pollock’s 65th Birthday, S. 352-369, 2021, ISBN: 978-3-96929-036-1. (Typ: Buchkapitel | | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Aufsatz)|
| Stöllner, Thomas; Gontscharov, Anton: Social Practice and the Exchange of Metals and Metallurgical Knowledge in 2nd Millennium Central Asia. In: 2021, ISBN: 45-76. (Typ: Artikel | | | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Aufsatz, Metalle)|
The current article discusses the Bronze Age metal evidence in Central Asia based on a vast study of metals of Kazakh origin in order to better understand what Chernykh once called the West-Asian-Metallurgical Province (WAMP). Based on typological studies it became obvious that typologies do not sufficiently help to understand the distribution patterns of Bronze Age metals in regard to their social nor their economic background. The authors therefore propose an anthropological and theoretical approach that allows the exploration of the practice of exchange within steppe communities based on provenance studies of metals using elemental and Pb-isotope data. These data have been analysed within a research project carried out with Kazakhstan partners between 2004 and 2014. For the first time, a selection of data are presented that support some of the general interpretations of exchange modes between the Petrovka Early Bronze Age and the Late Bronze Age. Especially during the second millennium, it seems that the exchange pattern of metals had changed from single high valued items to a larger scale trade, which included metal transport as well. It is suggested that although the practice of exchange modes between the steppe communities change to larger scale metal exchange during the 2nd half of the 2nd millennium BC, most of the social background still remained similar in comparison to the earlier periods.
| Stöllner, Thomas: From generalists to specialists? Transcaucasian communities and their approach to resources during the 5th and the 3rd millennium BCE. In: Marro, Catherine; Stöllner, Thomas (Hrsg.): On salt, copper and gold: the origins of early mining and metallurgy in the Caucasus. Proceedings of the conference held in Tbilisi (Georgia), June 16th-19th 2016, S. 445-476, Lyon: MOM Éditions, 2021, ISBN: 9782356681683. (Typ: Konferenzbeitrag | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Aufsatz, Georessourcen, Konferenz)|
| Stöllner, Thomas; Nokandeh, Jebrael (Hrsg.): Human Search for Resources: Highlights of Ancient Mining from the German Mining Museum Bochum. Bochum/Teheran, 2021. (Typ: Sammelband | | | | Schlagwörter: Archäologie, Ausstellungskatalog, Bergbau)|
Human Search for Resources” is a joint exhibition between the German Mining Museum in Bochum and the National Museum of Iran. It seeks to follow the appropriation of humans to mineral resources and the development of the history of human experiences and achievements in mining, which led to the development of technologies, the formation of professions, trade and specialization of industries. More than 200 artefacts from different parts of the world will be shown, such as the findings of the Austrian salt mines or the relief of Linares from Spain, each of which is a valuable symbol of human interaction with natural heritage.